Coffee dictionary

Names of different coffees and espressos that one may encounter on the menu. Between brackets it mentions the country or countries where it is most likely to be found, or where it originates from.

Affogato
Espresso poured out over vanilla ice cream. Sometimes accompanied with a shot of liquor (often Amaretto).

Americano
Espresso to which hot water has been added. The opposite procedure (adding espresso to hot water) is called a long black.
(latin-america)

Bicerin
Made of layers of hot chocolate, espresso and milk. Served in a glass.
(Italy)

Black eye
Cup of filter coffee with a double espresso added to it. Also called Red eye.
(US)

Bombon
Espresso with condensated milk.
(Spain)

Breve
Same as a latte, hence espresso with hot milk, but without foam.

Cafe allonge
Espresso made by allowing more water to pass through the coffee, hence resulting in a less strong coffee. Same as a Lungo.
(France)

Cafe con leche
Strong coffee or espresso with milk that has been heated to almost boiling.
(Spain)

Café pasado
Café pasado is filter coffee that passed (=pasado) through the filter very slowly giving it a very strong taste. After that it's cooled down and hot water is added just before drinking it.
(Ecuador)

Cafe Viennois
Espresso with whipped cream, hence in principle an Espresso con panna.
(US, UK)

Caffe crema
Espresso made by allowing more water to pass through the coffee, hence resulting in a less strong coffee. Like a Lungo, but with more water.
(Switzerland, Austria)

Cappuccino
Espresso served with dry foam of steamed milk that is found at the surface of the steamed milk. This in contrast to a flat white, which uses microfoam that forms at the bottom of the steamed milk.

Carajillo
Small strong black coffee with rum.
(Latin-america, Spain)

Corretto
Espresso with grappa.
(Italy)

Cortado / cortadito
Espresso with a small amount of warm milk, but less milk than a macchiato.
(Spain, latin-america)

Doppio
A double espresso.
(Italy)

Espresso con panna
Espresso with whipped cream. Sometimes also called Wiener Melange or Cafe Viennois.

Flat white
Espresso served with steamed milk microfoam. This in contrast to a cappuccino that has the dry foam of steamed milk.
(Australia, New Zealand)

Frappe
Originally foamy dark instant coffee poured over broken ice in a high glass. Nowadays used for almost anything related to cold coffee without milk.
(Greece)

Frappucchino
Mix of iced coffee with milk, slushed with broken ice.

Freddo
Iced espresso, served in a glass.
(Italy, Argentina)

Guayoyo
Black coffee with additional water to make it less strong.
(Venezuela)

Latte
Espresso with hot milk, but without foam.

Latte macchiato
Hot milk with foam to which espresso has been added.

Latteccino
Cappuccino with extra milk.

Long black
Double espresso added to hot water. This is the opposite procedure of an Americano, where hot water is added to the coffee instead of adding coffee to hot water.
(Australia, New Zealand)

Long macchiato
Double espresso with a little bit of milk foam served in a glass.
(Australia)

Lungo
Espresso made by allowing more water to pass through the coffee, hence resulting in a less strong coffee.

Macchiato
Espresso with a little bit of milk foam.

Marron claro
Strong black filter coffee with milk.
(Venezuela)

Marron oscuro
Strong black filter coffee.
(Venezuela)

Mocha
Capuccino with added dark chocolate.

Mocha white
Capuccino with added white chocolate.

Perico o pintado
A café tinto with a little bit of hot milk.
(Colombia)

Red cappucchino
Rooibos tea with milk foam. Hence, has nothing to do with coffee.
(South Africa)

Red eye
Cup of filter coffee with a double espresso added to it. Also called Black eye.
(US)

Ristretto
Fast made espresso with less water than an espresso, and therefore stronger.

Short black
An espresso.
(Australia, New Zealand)

Shot in the dark
Cup of filter coffee with a single espresso added to it.
(US)

Short macchiato
Single espresso with a little bit of milk foam served in a small cup.
(Australia)

Solo
A single espresso without milk.
(Italy, Spain, Latin-America)

Tetero grande
Hot milk with only a little bit of coffee added.
(Venezuela)

Tinto
A coffee made out of very strong and slowly made filter coffee and added hot water. Also known as café pasado.
(Ecuador)

Triple suicide
Cup of filter coffee with a triple espresso added to it.
(US)

Wiener melange
Refers to a variety of different coffees:

  • Coffee mixed with foam made out of egg white and sugar, topped with cream and cocoa.
  • Cold coffee mixed with vanilla ice, topped with cream and cocoa.
  • Double espresso with whipped cream (also known as an Espresso con panna)
  • A mixture of coffee, milk and chocolate, topped with whipped cream.

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